The number of people dying of heart attack has increased by 53% within the last five years in India. A heart attack happens when the blood supply to your heart is suddenly blocked. Your heart muscle can’t get the nutrition and oxygen it needs to function if there isn’t enough blood flow.
What is a Heart Attack?
A heart attack occurs when something restricts your heart’s blood flow, preventing it from receiving the oxygen it requires.
What Are the Common Symptoms of a Heart Attack?
- Pain or discomfort in the chest. Most heart attacks will characterized by pain in the center or left side of the chest that lasts a few minutes or disappears and reappears. Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, and pain are all possible sensations.
- You may experience discomfort, pressure, heaviness, tightness, squeezing, or pain in your chest, arm, or below your breastbone.
- Distress in your back, jaw, throat, or arm.
- Bloating, indigestion, or a choking sensation (it may feel like heartburn)
- Sweating, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness are all symptoms.
- Shortness of breath, severe weakness, anxiety, or weariness.
- An irregular heartbeat.
Tests to Diagnose A Heart Attack
- An EKG is a type of electrocardiogram (ECG).
The first test used to detect a heart attack. It records electrical signals as they pass through your heart. Electrodes (sticky patches) must placed on your chest and limbs.
Signals are captured waves that can be viewed on a monitor or printed on paper. ECG may suggest that a heart attack happened because the wounded cardiac muscle does not typically conduct electrical impulses.
- Tests on the blood.
After a heart attack, specific cardiac proteins progressively leak into your bloodstream. Some proteins or enzymes will be tested in your blood by emergency room doctors.
Top 9 Treatments for People Experiencing Heart Attack
More heart tissue deteriorates or dies every minute after a heart attack. Quickly restoring blood flow helps avoid heart injury. Below are the popular medications offered in hospitals.
- Pain relievers. A Pain reliever, such as morphine may given to you.
- Thrombolytics. Clot busters are medications that help eliminate a blood clot obstructing blood flow to your heart. After a heart attack, the sooner you get a thrombolytic medicine, the more likely you will live and have minor heart damage.
- Aspirin. Aspirin helps sustain blood flow through a constricted artery by reducing blood clotting.
- ACE inhibitors. These medications lower blood pressure and lessen heat stress.
- Statins. These medications aid in the management of cholesterol levels in the blood.
- Antiplatelet agents. Emergency room doctors may prescribe other medications known as platelet aggregation inhibitors to help prevent new clots, and also keep existing clots from growing larger.
- Blood-thinning medications. Medications, such as heparin, will most likely prescribed to make your blood less “sticky” and less likely to clot. Heparin administered intravenously or as a subcutaneous injection.
Surgical procedures include:
- Percutaneous coronary intervention. This a non-surgical procedure also known as coronary angioplasty . A long tube put into a patient’s artery in the groin or wrist and guided to a blocked artery in your heart by specialists. This technique generally done right after a cardiac catheterization. A procedure meant to detect blockages if you’ve had a heart attack.
- Emergency bypass surgery. In the event of a heart attack, doctors can conduct emergency bypass surgery. However, if your heart has had time to recuperate from your heart attack — typically three to seven days — you may be able to have bypass surgery. This procedure involves stitching veins or arteries beyond a blocked or narrowed coronary artery, allowing blood to bypass the narrowed segment, and return to the heart.
Home Remedies To Prevent Heart Attack
- Smoking should be avoided.
Always try to avoid smoking or being in the presence of secondhand smoke.
- Exercise regularly.
Do Regular exercise can assist improve heart muscle function after a heart attack, and can also help avoid one.
- Eat a diet that is good for your heart.
Dietary saturated fat and cholesterol can restrict arteries leading to nature, whereas too much salt can elevate blood pressure.
- Alcohol should be avoided entirely or consumed in moderation.
Consume alcohol in moderation if you wish to do so. Women are advised to take up to one drink per day and up to two drinks for men is advised.
To adopt a healthy living style, one should stop smoking, eat more nutritious meals, and get more exercise. These are the first lines of defense in the event of a heart attack.
Need more guidance on how to maintain a healthy heart? Contact us today!
Read Also: Artificial Intelligence – A Boon or a Bane